Islamic calligraphy is the beautiful writing of the Arabic script. It is has been the main Islamic art since the Quran's revelation (610 AD). It has helped and continues to help preserve the beautiful words of the Quran. The Muslim scribes of the time recorded the Quranic text and many of the Muslim's memories it. Images of living beings are not aloud to be drawn in Islam so the text is very precious.
From the Greek word for "beautiful writing," calligraphy was considered the highest art form in Islam, for several reasons. For one, Muslims believe that Allah used the Arabic language to recite the Qur'an to Muhammad, and for that reason, it has a spiritual meaning for Muslims. Also, using words as artistry avoided the problem of using pictorial images. Whereas decorative writing all but disappeared in Europe with the advent of the printing press, the Islamic world retained it as an art form long after the necessity of writing longhand was removed by modern technology. Calligraphy adorned architecture, decorative arts, coins, jewelers, textiles, weapons, tools, paintings, and manuscripts.
The Nabatean script was the recorded earliest form of pre-Arabic script. The early Arabs, called the Nabatean's, are said to have developed the Aramaic script, also known as the north Arabic script, during around the 5th century. It became very popular and swept to the rest of the ancient Middle East in around 9 BCE. Ammonite and Aramaic were languages that used the Aramaic script.
As the Aramaic language and writing evolved, the Arabic script took over and started from around 500AD, which was the first recorded Arabic alphabet. There are around roughly 20 languages all spoken today that writes in the Arabic script. As the time went on, the Aramaic dictionary was developing leading to the Arabic alphabet, evolving and becoming the most widespread writing system worldwide.